عربي

News



Regional Workshop on
Climate Change Mainstreaming Capacity Building for Water Resources Management Strategies and Action Plans Formulation
Sharm El Shiekh, Egypt
16-18 November 2014
 

Background

Water Scarcity is a major challenge for the sustainable development of the Arab countries. Climate change exerts more stress on the sustainable water management in most areas of the Arab region. Lack of capacities for development and implementation of water action plans and strategies also exists. Accordingly, the water security of the Arab region is threatened and correspondingly affecting the food security and regional security of the whole region.

The existence of water resources actions plans and strategies at national levels is not available in all Arab countries. Climate change should be mainstreamed in water resources management in all action plans and strategies. Most probably, the existing/available water resources management strategies did not include possible climate change impacts due to the lack of accurate estimations of the climate change impacts and studies on the water resources at national levels. There are some current initiatives such as Regional Initiative for the Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources and Socio-Economic Vulnerability in the Arab Region (RICCAR) fill in the knowledge gap of climate change projects and impacts.

A new cooperation platform between UNESCO Cairo and GIZ entitled: “Transformative capacity building for water security in response to water scarcity of the Arab region and adapting to climate change and climate variability” is under investigation and preparation. It aims at strengthening capacities for water security through formulation and implementation of adequate water resources management strategies and action plans at country and regional levels taking into consideration the possible climate change impacts on the water resources of the Arab region. This cooperation is expected to deliver/produce “Capacity building toolkit on Water resources management strategies and action plans formulation”.

Accordingly, a regional workshop will be organized, in joint collaboration with ISESCO, ALECSO, GIZ, Arab Water Council and the Arab G-Wadi Network Secretariat-Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Water Resources of Oman in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt during the period 16-18 November 2014. The workshop will include a number of keynote lectures, country presentations and working group sessions.

Objectives:

Enhance knowledge about the Arab region gaps and priorities towards building Arab capacities for formulating water strategies and action plans at national level.

Main Activities of the workshop:

· Assessment of current situation throughcountry presentations/feedbacks and inputs including:

o Mapping of existing national water strategies, action plans and technical capacities through country presentation

o Mapping of existing climate change NAPA (national action plans) in relation to water resources through country presentation

o Mapping out capacity needs and priorities through country presentation

o Mapping level of climate change mainstreaming and incorporation in national water strategies and action plans

o Mapping out any existing monitoring of implementation system

· Regional assessment of climate change mainstreaming in the formulation of water strategies and action plans throughcountry presentations/feedbacks and inputs

· Study/review on the availability of similar capacity building material/toolkit in the region and/or different regions/worldwide. Through working group sessions, participants will advise about the existence of any existing relevant material in their countries.

· Identification of an implementation framework for the needed capacity building material including priority areas, possible commitments and technical contributions according to the available experience in the region.

· For water resources management strategy and action plans, through a series of working group sessions, the participants will be discussing and defining the main features of the major items to be included in the strategies and action plans capacity building material as follows (each participant is kindly requested to prepare his/her inputs):

o Expected objectives related to climate change to be presented in the national strategies and action plans

o Possible Responsibilities for responding to climate change within the strategy (by government, civil society, if applicable)

o Outline/plan of Specific climate-related activities to be considered

o Advices for budget allocation for the implementation of the strategy and action plan activities

o Monitoring and evaluation frameworks on delivery follow ups

o Measurable indicators and targets

o Targeting group/levels

o Coherence and consistency measures with different climate change related strategies and action plans

o Application case studies, if available.

· Implementation framework of the dissemination of the capacity building material / toolkit at regional and national levels

Note: In order to have fruitful outputs of the workshop, all the invited participants are kindly requested to prepare inputs and feedbacks for the above-mentioned activities.

Additionally, the workshop may include some key note lectures covering the following areas:

o Guiding principles and criteria of climate change mainstreaming in water resources management strategies and action plans

o Principles of climate change adaptation strategy and action plan in the water sector

o Enabling environment: Visions to move from action documents to action practices

Proposed Toolkit modules

Based on the workshop deliberation, the main features and requirements of the needed capacity building material will be identified. Accordingly, through consultancies, the preparation phase of the capacity building material will be undertaken. Experience from other regions should be explored and used .

The Capacity Building material / toolkits and their validation will adopt a demand driven and inclusive approach where the content, design and implementation will fit the countries priorities and contexts, however, it worth mentioning that the material / toolkits should be a living document/process.

From practical point of view, any water resources management strategy should comprise different thematic areas and sectors plans of actions in addition to integrated framework of planning, monitoring and implementation ensuring the full harmonization and coordination. Plan of actions and Focus areas to be possibly discussed and included in the capacity building material:

- Supply/Demand management including Groundwater/surface water management and its conjunctive use

- Non-conventional water resources management

- Climate Change adaptation and risk management

- Governance / Public involvement and participation in water resources management

- Awareness and education at community level

- Gender mainstreaming in IWRM implementation

- Water resources quality and protection from pollution

- Water-related disasters risk management (including drought risk management)

- Trans-boundary water resources management (including negotiations)

- Water legalizations

- Water resources monitoring

- Institutional reform

- Environmental impact assessment and ecosystem conservation

- Implementation and monitoring of the strategies and action plans

- Overall coordination / harmonization among different sectors

Building on existing UNESCO Work and Network

The UNESCO G-Wadi Network can be potential technical partner (among other networks) for the successful implementation of the project. The Global G-Wadi network has networks components in Asian, Sub-Shara African, Latin America and Carrabin and Arab regions. The G-Wadi network has good experience in bringing together international experts, scientists, policymakers, researchers and stakeholders to discuss key research topics related to climate change impacts, risk assessment and management of water resources of arid and semi-arid regions. Leading experts have provided training to professionals from the arid regions in workshops on water harvesting and modeling in China, India, Iran and some Arab countries. The training materials and related publications of the G-Wadi can be a good starting point and source for the toolkit modules preparations.

The Arab G-Wadi is a network of institutions responding to the real challenges and priorities of the Arab region. It is a merge of 2 networks in the Arab region, namely: Wadi Hydrology (coordinated by ACSAD in Syria) and Groundwater Protection (coordinated by the Groundwater Research Institute in Egypt). Currently, 20 Key water institutions from the Arab region are involved in the network. The list of the network members includes ministries of water resources and universities in Egypt, Sudan, KSA, Bahrain, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen, Morocco, Tunisia, UAE and Oman. The Arab G-Wadi can also provide technical contribution and expertise.

Expected outputs

- Technical report of the workshop deliberations and discussions

- Preliminary logical analysis framework for the development of the toolkit modules.

Tentative list of invited institutes and experts:

- Representatives of the ministries of water resources in the Arab countries (26 water professionals)

- Regional and international experts (5 experts)

- Representatives of the League of Arab States / Arab Ministerial Water council

- Representatives of regional organizations and projects such as:

o Water Sciences & Technology Association (WSTA),

o Arab Water Council

o ISESCO,

o ALECSO and

o TIGER initiative of the European Space Agency ( ESA)

- Representative of G-Wadi Network

- Representatives of GIZ and UNESCO

Venue and Date

- Venue: Sharm El Shiekh, Egypt

- Date: 16-18 November 2014